- India stands second worldwide in adding the Green Cover.
- Agricultural Greens, although being mostly periodic, are also considered to contribute to the Leaf-covered area.
- The amount of fertilizers being used is the highest in the two leading countries, China and India.
The Vegetation on the Land (or Plant Cover) is been continuously increasing in past couple of decades in all over the world. India and China are leading this effort of making a better world, which can clearly be seen from the images captured by NASA satellite imagery. While China added 17.80% green coverage, India added 11.10% as per the data received.
India stands seventh in the list of largest countries in terms of area and with 11.1% increase in vegetation, India surpasses all the countries which are above in the list ,Russia, United States, Canada, Brazil and Australia except China being on the first position with 17.80%.
Europe’s green cover
Europe having the largest overall Leaf-covered area, stands third in the list of countries increasing vegetation in past couple of decades with 7.78% of vegetation worldwide. Another report compiled by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and the Food and Agriculture Organisation some time back indicates that that Russia is last on the list of countries, where the forests are shrinking at a faster rate, 1 mn hectare per annum.
In the list, Europe is followed by Canada with 7.13%, Russia with 6.62%, Australia with 5.62%, USA with 4.55% with Vegetation in from 2000 to 2017 with above or slightly above the average which is 4.10%. The list further goes on with Mexico with 4.07%, Argentina with 1.7%, Brazil with 1.54%, DRC with 1.34% and Indonesia with 0.83%.
The effected Amazon Rain Forests
The Earth Greening mission includes both reforestation and agricultural activities. Brazil, the home to Amazon rainforests, stands in the bottom of the list even with accountable increase in agricultural land due to the significantly corresponding loss of forests. The two-third of the newly vegetated Land which is roughly 65%, is out of agricultural activities, which in turn signifies that “Deforestation” is still a problem left unsolved.
India’s Increased Green Cover Vs. US vast lands
India and United States of America both contribute a similar amount of 6.8% of the net increase in Green cover worldwide, but the fact to be noticed here is that USA has three time more vegetated land than India (which is 2.7%).
The Global Green Leaders
Talking about the Global leaders, China (17.80%), the increase in vegetation is derived from both agriculture and reforestation. China makes almost 42% of added greenery through reforestation and 32%from agriculture which comparatively is a respectable ratio.
On the other hand for India, the added greenery is more of agriculture than reforestation 82% of India’s contribution to the new vegetation is through agriculture, which can never be truly considered a good thing with knowing the fact that India even leads the world in usage of fertilizers which is in turn reducing the quality of soil due to its chemical components.(source)
While there are many CSR activities and NGOs involved in increasing the number of trees in India, we as individuals can contribute in creating the green cover.
Many initiatives also allow you to help grow a tree remotely too.